We are fortunate to live in a village situated on the East side of the Salève mountain. I climbed the summit last year in Spring and came back two days ago in summer to contemplate the spectacular view over the regions of Geneva and Annecy. If you are visiting this region, I highly recommend to climb it… by car! Just make sure the weather is fine enough to admire the panoramic views.
About the Salève mountain
The Salève mountain is situated in the département of Haute-Savoie and overlooks the Swiss city of Geneva. This mountain of the French Prealps culminates at 1,379 metres (4,524 ft) at the Grand Piton.
The Salève stretches over a distance of 20 kms between Cruseilles and Annemasse. Its western side facing Geneva shows an abrupt eroded slope with naked strata to the difference of the eastern side which goes down to the Bornes plateau.
The Salève mountain is actually made up of two elevations separated by the picturesque Monnetier valley: the Grand Salève, the largest and highest part and the Petit Salève, reaching an altitude of 899 metres.
The Salève: a popular site
Situated just 20km from central Geneva, the Salève mountain is a very popular site that attracts many visitors. It is estimated that more than 700,000 people live around its slopes. Most of the visitors come for a day-trip from Greater Geneva, but also from the region of Annecy.
The mountain is a playground for many outdoor activities such as hiking, paragliding, hand gliding, rock climbing, speleology, and skiing. The Salève mountain is criss-crossed by several hiking trails. A few well-marked paths are ideals for hikers with a little experience.
The most visited part of the Salève is from La Croisette to the cable-car station. From Cruseilles to La Croisette, the alpine pastures are known as being wilder.
7 safety instructions to follow before walking on the Salève
An informative panel by the Syndicat mixte du Salève is placed at the entrance to the path leading to the summit. It gives 7 safety instructions that can be applied to any mountainous environment, not just the Salève!
The paths of the Salève can be dangerous, respect safety instructions
- Do not leave the marked paths
- Do not leave your children alone
- Have the necessary equipment (shoes, clothes, water, telephone)
- Inform yourself about weather conditions
- Avoid the steep paths which can be ice covered in case of frost
- Watch out not to cause falling rocks
- Plan your route in advance and adapt it to your physical condition
Finally the Syndicat mixte du Salève recalls that you are responsible for your own safety!
Discovery itinerary of the Salève mountain
Take your car and a good pair of mountain shoes for this one-day discovery of the Salève mountain. This is the route I planned before reaching the Salève mountain.
From Cruseilles to Le virage du Plan
Start the climb to Mont Salève at Cruseilles. Drive on the D41A which has many hairpin turns. When the roads reaches the alpine pastures, stop at the carpark of the Virage du Plan (altitude of 1260 m). From there, the view extends to Lake Annecy, the Prealps, the Aravis and the Mont-Blanc. The Bornes plateau lies just at the foot of the mountain.
Le Grand Piton
Continue the road for approximately 3 kms to the next parking situated just under the Grand Piton. The walk to the Grand Piton takes about 10-15 minutes. Just before arriving at the edge of the mountain cliff, you’ll see a stone on the ground marking the actual culminating point of the Salève at an altitude of 1,379 m (4,524 ft).
Walk carefully to the Bastian tower near the edge of the cliff across the lapiaz (a sort of a limestone pavement with cracks). The Bastian tower is a former watchtower. Also known as the Piton tower, it was built between 1820 and 1830 by Claude-François Bastian. It replaced an older lookout post set up there in the 14th century. Legend has it that Claude François Bastian choose this very place to build his tower because it was the only vantage point where he could see all his properties (4 castles and 37 farms!).
The tower was later abandoned and in a dilapidated state until it was restored in 1984 by the municipality of Beaumont. Be cautious (particularly with children) as the tower is situated just on the edge of the cliff.
Walk down by the same path to reach the carpark. Continue driving towards the hamlet of La Croisette. You will enjoy a series of panoramic views along the ridge, from the Alps to the Jura.
La Croisette is a mountain pass at an altitude of 1,175 metres. This is also the name of a hamlet comprising a few restaurants. La Croisette is reached by the D45 road that ascends from Collonges-sous-Salève. The D48 goes down to the Bornes Plateau and the village of La Muraz.
By the telecom tower
Keep on driving the ridge road (D41A) and park the car by the telecom tower (alt. 1,246 m). You can walk to the edge of the cliff and contemplate a fine view of Geneva, the lake and the Monts Jura in the distance.
The Salève cable-car
Back to the car – next stop: the cable-car station. The Salève cable car (téléphérique du Salève in French) has been operating since 1932 and was rebuilt in 1983. The cable car is open from April to October. It is only closed in exceptionally bad weather.
It takes approximately 15 minutes to climb to an altitude of 1,097 metres. The base station is located at Route du Téléphérique, 74100 Etrembières (France). For more info, visit the official website. From the cable-car station, you’ll get the finest view of Geneva, its suburbs and its lake.
Going down by the Monnetier Valley
Now it’s time to go down to the Bornes plateau. The D41A leads you to the delightful valley of Monnetier before reaching Mornex. From there, you can either reach Annemasse and Geneva or Cruseilles by the D15. The later road follows the foot of the Salève over 20 kms across a beautiful patchwork of meadows, fields, orchards and woods.
8 facts about the Salève mountain
- A prehistoric shelter was found on a cliff near Veyrier. In various parts of the mountains were found bones, flint and engraved wood.
- An oppidum was built on the Petit Salève around 1000 BC, known as Camp des Allobroges.
- The name of the mountain derives from the Latin word salire and saliens meaning « jump up, spurt up or spring up » and referring to a rocky promontory. In the 4th century the mountain was known as Monte Seleuco. In the 13th century it took its current name: Mont Salevus.
- The Salève and Lake Geneva are featured on La Pêche Miraculeuse (1444) by German-born painter Konrad Witz, the first European paintings representing a realistic landscape. The painting shows the Voirons mountain to the left, the Môle in the centre and the Petit-Salève to the right.
- Chapter 7 in Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein takes place in the Salève. The creature climbs up the mountain.
- The first electric railway in the world was built to reach the top of the Salève mountain in 1892. The service ceased in 1932.
- When you marvel at the view from the summit you understand why the Salève mountain was nicknamed the « Balcony of Geneva ».
- Although the Salève is a mountain of the Prealps, it is geologically a part of the Jura chain.
How to access the Salève?
Access to the Salève is possible by car, cable car and on foot. The mountain is surrounded by three motorways: A40, A41 and A410.
My favourite itinerary (see above) starts at Cruseilles. But you can also access the ridge of the Salève from Etrembières (East of Geneva) or Collonges-sous-Salève (D45). Both routes are quite steep and narrow… which is why I prefer climbing the mountain by the D41A from Cruseilles!
The D41A road that follows the ridge of the mountain offers spectacular views on both the Alps and the Jura. From autumn to spring, it is not rare that the road is in sunshine above a sea of clouds.
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