Discover the Pere Lachaise Cemetery in Paris

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The Pere Lachaise Cemetery in the 20th arrondissement of Paris is the largest operating cemetery of the French capital. The landscaped funeral park is like an open-air museum as many graves have been listed as Historic Monuments. The Père Lachaise is the world’s most visited cemetery where visitors cross the graves of Jean de la Fontaine, Molière, Jim Morrison, Edith Piaf, Oscar Wilde, and Yves Montand.

 

The origins and history of the Pere Lachaise Cemetery

Père Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

Père Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

The Pere Lachaise Cemetery owes its name to Père François de la Chaise (1624-1709), the confessor of King Louis XIV who resided in the Jesuit building who stood on the site of the chapel.

Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart laid out the cemetery as we know it today which opened in 1804.

In 1804, the Père Lachaise contained only 13 graves and in order to attract more funeral, the administrators organised the transfer of the remains of Jean de la Fontaine and Molière the same year. In 1817, the remains of Pierre Abélard and Héloïse d’Argenteuil were transferred to the Père Lachaise. It became popular to plan his or her own burial among famous people of Paris.

Père Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

Père Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

Étienne-Hippolyte Godde designed the funerary chapel in 1823. He built the monumental entrance on Boulevard de Ménilmontant a few years later.

Jean-Camille Formigé designed the Neo-Byzantine columbarium and crematorium in 1894 to hold the remains of the Parisians who had requested cremation.

Père Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

The Crematorium, Père Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

Père Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

Columbarium, Père Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

To the south-east of the cemetery, the Communards’ Wall (Mur des Fédérés) is part of the troubled history of Paris. There, the last 147 insurgeants of the Paris Commune were shot on 28 May 1871.

Père Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

Mur des Fédérés, Père Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

In the vicinity of the wall are a few memorials including monuments to concentration camp deportees and veterans.


What makes it Paris’ largest cemetery?

The Cimetière du Père-Lachaise has an area of 44 hectares, making it the largest garden of Paris (excluding the Bois de Vincennes and Bois de Boulogne). It stretches on a sloping ground and has 5 entrances with the main entrance being on Boulevard de Ménilmontant (near métro station Philippe Auguste [line 2]).

Plan du Cimetière du Père Lachaise

The Père Lachaise is one of Paris’ largest cemeteries that have been laid out outside the precincts of the old town:

Pere Lachaise Cemetery, Paris © French Moments

Autumn at the Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris © French Moments

The Père Lachaise contains some 70,000 burial plots. Some are simple tombstones, others are monumental graves and family mausoleums. There is a great range of funerary art style: Egyptian, Classical, Gothic, Renaissance, Art Nouveau…

Today there are over 1 million bodies interred in the cemetery. More than 4,130 trees contribute to a certain romantic atmosphere.

It is very difficult to be buried at the Père Lachaise which has strict rules about burials: only people who died in Paris or who had lived there may be buried there.

There is a fine view over Notre-Dame, the Panthéon, Montparnasse Tower and the Eiffel Tower from the terrace of the chapel.

Download the English version of the Père Lachaise cemetery Map with the most searched-for burial places.


Which famous people are resting in the cemetery?

Pere Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

Edith Piaf, Père Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

Many famous people (writers, composers, musicians, singers, poets, politicians, and scientists are buried at the Père Lachaise cemetery, including:

  • Honoré de Balzac (1799-1850), French novelist
  • Georges Bizet (1838-1875), French composer
  • Claude Chabrol (1930-2010), French film director
  • Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849), Polish composer
  • Colette (1873-1954), French novelist
  • Félix Faure (1841-1899), former French president in the 3rd Republic
  • Jean de la Fontaine (1621-1695), French litterateur
  • Molière (1622-1673), French playwright
  • Yves Montand (1921-1991), French singer and actor
  • Jim Morrison (1943-1971), American singer with The Doors
  • Edith Piaf (1915-1963), French singer
  • Simone Signoret (1921-1985), French actress
  • Oscar Wilde (1854-1900), Irish novelist, poet and playwright

Opening Times of the Père Lachaise cemetery

Entrance is free.

From 6th November to 15th March
  • from Monday to Friday: 8am to 5.30pm Saturday: 8.30am to 5.30pm
  • Sundays and bank holidays: 9am to 5.30pm
From 16th March to 5th November
  • from Monday to Friday: 8am to 6pm Saturday: 8.30am to 6pm
  • Sundays and bank holidays: 9am to 6pm

Inside the cemetery, do respect the dead, their families and others visitors by observing silence and behaving decently.

More photos of the cemetery


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Discover the Pere Lachaise cemetery in Paris © French Moments


 

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About Author

Pierre is a French/Australian who is passionate about France and its culture. He grew up in France and Germany and has also lived in Australia and England. He has a background teaching French, Economics and Current Affairs, and holds a Master of Translating and Interpreting English-French with the degree of Master of International Relations, and a degree of Economics and Management. Pierre is the author of the Discovery Course on the Secrets of the Eiffel Tower and the Christmas book "Voyage au Pays de Noël".

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