Discover the Pere Lachaise Cemetery in Paris

0

The Pere Lachaise Cemetery in the 20th arrondissement of Paris is the largest operating cemetery of the French capital. The landscaped funeral park is like an open-air museum as many graves have been listed as Historic Monuments. The Père Lachaise is the world’s most visited cemetery where visitors cross the graves of Jean de la Fontaine, Molière, Jim Morrison, Edith Piaf, Oscar Wilde, and Yves Montand.


Pere Lachaise Cemetery: a bit of history

Pere Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

Pere Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

The Pere Lachaise Cemetery owes its name to Père François de la Chaise (1624-1709), the confessor of King Louis XIV who resided in the Jesuit building who stood on the site of the chapel.

The cemetery as we know it today would laid out by Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart and opened in 1804.

In 1804, the Père Lachaise contained only 13 graves and in order to attract more funeral, the administrators organised the transfer of the remains of Jean de la Fontaine and Molière the same year. In 1817, the remains of Pierre Abélard and Héloïse d’Argenteuil were transferred to the Père Lachaise. It became popular to plan his or her own burial among famous people of Paris.

Pere Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

Pere Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

The funerary chapel was built in 1823 by Étienne-Hippolyte Godde who designed the monumental entrance on Boulevard de Ménilmontant a few years later.

The Neo-Byzantine columbarium and crematorium were designed in 1894 by Jean-Camille Formigé to hold the remains of the Parisian who had requested cremation.

Pere Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

The Crematorium, Pere Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

Pere Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

Columbarium, Pere Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

To the south-east of the cemetery, the Communards’ Wall (Mur des Fédérés) is part of the troubled history of Paris. There, the last 147 insurgeants of the Paris Commune were shot on 28 May 1871.

Pere Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

Mur des Fédérés, Pere Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

In the vicinity of the wall are a few memorials including monuments to concentration camp deportees and veterans.


Description of the Père Lachaise cemetery

The Cimetière du Père-Lachaise has an area of 44 hectares, making it the largest garden of Paris (excluding the Bois de Vincennes and Bois de Boulogne). It stretches on a sloping ground and has 5 entrances with the main entrance being on Boulevard de Ménilmontant (near métro station Philippe Auguste [line 2]).

Plan du Cimetière du Père Lachaise

The Père Lachaise is one of Paris’ large cemeteries that have been laid out outside the precincts of the old town: Montmartre Cemetery in the north, Père Lachaise in the east, and Montparnasse Cemetery in the south. Another smaller cemetery was opened in Passy near the Trocadéro.

Pere Lachaise Cemetery, Paris © French Moments

Pere Lachaise Cemetery, Paris © French Moments

The Père Lachaise contains some 70,000 burial plots. Some are simple tombstones, others are monumental graves and family mausoleums. There is a great range of funerary art style: Egyptian, Classical, Gothic, Renaissance, Art Nouveau…

Today there are over 1 million bodies interred in the cemetery. More than 4,130 trees contribute to a certain romantic atmosphere.

It is very difficult to be buried at the Père Lachaise which has strict rules about burials: only people who died in Paris or who had lived there may be buried there.

There is a fine view over Notre-Dame, the Panthéon, Montparnasse Tower and the Eiffel Tower from the terrace of the chapel.

Download the English version of the Père Lachaise cemetery Map with the most searched-for burial places.


The final resting places of famous people

Pere Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

Edith Piaf, Pere Lachaise Cemetery © French Moments

Many famous people (writers, composers, musicians, singers, poets, politicians, and scientists are buried at the Père Lachaise cemetery, including:

  • Honoré de Balzac (1799-1850), French novelist
  • Georges Bizet (1838-1875), French composer
  • Claude Chabrol (1930-2010), French film director
  • Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849), Polish composer
  • Colette (1873-1954), French novelist
  • Félix Faure (1841-1899), former French president in the 3rd Republic
  • Jean de la Fontaine (1621-1695), French litterateur
  • Molière (1622-1673), French playwright
  • Yves Montand (1921-1991), French singer and actor
  • Jim Morrison (1943-1971), American singer with The Doors
  • Edith Piaf (1915-1963), French singer
  • Simone Signoret (1921-1985), French actress
  • Oscar Wilde (1854-1900), Irish novelist, poet and playwright

Opening Times of the Père Lachaise cemetery

Entrance is free.

From 6th November to 15th March
  • from Monday to Friday: 8am to 5.30pm Saturday: 8.30am to 5.30pm
  • Sundays and bank holidays: 9am to 5.30pm
From 16th March to 5th November
  • from Monday to Friday: 8am to 6pm Saturday: 8.30am to 6pm
  • Sundays and bank holidays: 9am to 6pm

Inside the cemetery, do respect the dead, their families and others visitors by observing silence and behaving decently.

More photos of Père Lachaise cemetery


Inspired? Pin it on Pinterest:

Discover the Pere Lachaise cemetery in Paris © French Moments


 

Share.

About Author

Pierre is a French/Australian who is passionate about France and its culture. He grew up in France and Germany and has also lived in Australia and England. In 2014 he moved back to Europe from Sydney with his wife and daughter to be closer to their families and to France. He has a background teaching French and holds a Master of Translating and Interpreting English-French with the degree of Master of International Relations and a degree of Economics and Management.

Leave A Reply

*

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.