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The National Symbols of the French Fifth Republic (founded in 1958) are represented by several emblems such as the Tricolour, the Marseillaise, Marianne, ‘Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité‘, and the Gallic Rooster.


National Symbols of the French Fifth Republic: the emblems

The national emblems of the French Republic are:

The French flag: the Tricolour

French flag on Boulevard Pasteur © French Moments
French flag in Paris © French Moments

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The National Anthem: La Marseillaise

Marseillaise Partition
Partition of La Marseillaise

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The allegoric figure: Marianne

Eugène Delacroix - La liberté guidant le peuple detail 2
Marianne and the French Republic by Eugène Delacroix

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The national motto

French Motto on School Facade © French Moments
French Motto on a Paris School © French Moments

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The Great Seal of France

Grand Sceau de France
The great seal of France

Other Symbols

A number of symbols also represent France:

The national day: Bastille Day

"The Storming of the Bastille" a watercolor painting by Jean-Pierre Houël
“The Storming of the Bastille” a watercolor painting by Jean-Pierre Houël

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The Gallic Rooster

Elysee Gate Rooster © French Moments
The rooster of the Elysée Palace Gate © French Moments

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The capital letters RF

République Française RF © French Moments
RF for République Française (Town-Hall of Maisons-Laffitte) © French Moments

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The French coat of arms and the Fasces

Armoiries de France
Coat of Arms of the French Republic

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The French President

Emmanuel Macron New Year's Eve
Emmanuel Macron’s wishes for 2019

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The honorary titles of the Republic: National Order of the Legion of Honour and National Order of Merit

Grand collier de la Légion d'honneur
Grand collier de la Légion d’honneur

Popular Symbols of French culture

Eiffel Tower Blue White Red Paris 10 © French Moments
The Eiffel Tower © French Moments

Many other symbols represent the nation of France and contribute to its identity. They are cultural, historic and artistic elements such as:

  • the black Basque béret
  • Pétanque game
  • the Haute-Couture
  • the gastronomy of France
  • the French baguette
  • French cheese
  • Wines
  • the eating of frogs’ legs and snails
  • the Eiffel Tower
  • Human Rights
  • the French Revolution
  • Perfumes
  • Napoleon Bonaparte
  • Joan of Arc
Arc de Triomphe and giant French flag © French Moments
Arc de Triomphe and giant French flag © French Moments

About the author

Pierre is a French/Australian who is passionate about France and its culture. He grew up in France and Germany and has also lived in Australia and England. He has a background teaching French, Economics and Current Affairs, and holds a Master of Translating and Interpreting English-French with the degree of Master of International Relations, and a degree of Economics and Management. Pierre is the author of the Discovery Course on the Secrets of the Eiffel Tower and the Christmas book "Voyage au Pays de Noël".

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