Pierre

Monte-Carlo (sometimes called Monte-Carle in French) is arguably the most famous district of the Principality of Monaco due to the presence of the casino.

 

Monte-Carlo, history of a district

Since 1866, the district has been named after Prince Charles III of Monaco (1818-1889). Built on a steep hillside of the Maritime Alps, Monte-Carlo is bordered by Beausoleil in France.

Most of Monaco’s luxurious shops are found along Boulevard des Moulins selling jewels, clothes, designer luggage and luxury cars.

Bd des Moulins Monte-Carlo © Monaco Press Centre Photos
Bd des Moulins Monte-Carlo © Monaco Press Centre Photos

 

Monte-Carlo Casino

Casino de Monte-Carlo © Piponwa - licence [CC BY-SA 3
Casino of Monte-Carlo © Piponwa – licence [CC BY-SA 3.0] from Wikimedia Commons

Lying at the heart of Monte-Carlo is the prestigious Casino, a gambling and entertainment complex which current building by Charles Garnier opened in 1879. The French architect is famous for designing the Palais de l’Opéra in Paris that bears his name.

With gilded pillars and frescoed ceilings, the casino has been an important source of income for the Principality. One of its most famous clients is surely James Bond, often associated with the Casino in novels and movies.

The dress code is rigid and entrance is forbidden to children under 18 years old. ID is checked and the citizens of Monaco are forbidden to enter the casino’s gaming rooms.

The Casino building is surrounded by manicured gardens. Its terrace offers a splendid view of the Mediterranean coastline from the promontory rock of Monaco to Bordighera in Italy.

 

Opera House

Salle Garnier Monte-Carlo © Monaco Press Centre Photos
Salle Garnier Monte-Carlo © Monaco Press Centre Photos

Adjacent is the Opera House also designed by Charles Garnier. The auditorium inaugurated in 1879 is decorated in Baroque style with red, gold and marble, Grecian statues, ceiling frescoes and a magnificent crystal chandelier:

Salle Garnier Monte-Carlo © Monaco Press Centre Photos
Salle Garnier Monte-Carlo © Monaco Press Centre Photos

 

Hôtel de Paris

Hotel de Paris © Testus - licence [CC BY-SA 3.0] from Wikimedia Commons
Hotel de Paris © Testus – licence [CC BY-SA 3.0] from Wikimedia Commons

Bordering Place du Casino are cafés and luxurious hotels such as the prestigious Hôtel de Paris, established in 1864, where the elite meet.

 

English-French Vocabulary

Monaco General View 1 © Monaco Press Centre Photos
Monaco General View © Monaco Press Centre Photos

(f) for féminin, (m) for masculin, (adj) for adjective and (v) for verbs

  • Alps = Alpes (f,p)
  • casino = casino (m)
  • French Riviera = Côte d’Azur (f)
  • harbour = port (m)
  • hotel = hôtel (m)
  • marina = port de plaisance (m)
  • Maritime Alps = Alpes Maritimes (f,p)
  • Mediterranean Sea = Mer Méditerranée (f)
  • micro-state = micro-état (m)
  • opera = opéra (m)
  • Principality = Principauté (f)
  • port = port (m)

Featured image: © Piponwa – licence [CC BY-SA 3.0] from Wikimedia Commons

About the author

Pierre is a French/Australian who is passionate about France and its culture. He grew up in France and Germany and has also lived in Australia and England. He has a background teaching French, Economics and Current Affairs, and holds a Master of Translating and Interpreting English-French with the degree of Master of International Relations, and a degree of Economics and Management. Pierre is the author of the Discovery Course on the Secrets of the Eiffel Tower and the Christmas book "Voyage au Pays de Noël".

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