The Castel Béranger: Art Nouveau by Hector Guimard

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Castel Béranger is one of Paris’ most extravagant buildings, built in the Art Nouveau style by Hector Guimard. This residential building is situated in the 16th arrondissement, not far from the Maison de la Radio.


The building of Castel Béranger

The Art Nouveau façade on rue de la Fontaine © French Moments

The façade on rue de la Fontaine © French Moments

Castel Béranger was designed between 1895 and 1897 by architect Hector Guimard (1867-1942) for his client, Anne-Elisabeth Fournier. The famous Art Nouveau architect had to persuade his client to design her house with an overt embracement of the art of the curvilinear. As a reminder, the Art Nouveau style was inspired by natural forms and structures, including the curving stems of plants and flowers.

The building was initially made up of 36 apartments, each different from the next, with a surface of 60m2. Guimard had a lift installed, a rather new feature in Paris.


What makes Castel Béranger different from Haussmannian blocks?

Castle Béranger was Guimard’s first solo project and important transitional work in his career. For the young and then-unknown architect, Castel Béranger was the first residential block in Paris to be built in the Art Nouveau style. An inscription on the façade reveals that the building won the coveted prize for Paris’ most beautiful façade in a contest held in 1898 by the City of Paris.

Castel Béranger

The corner of the façade © French Moments

Guimard benefited from the changes of established building codes that took place at the end of the 19th century. For instance, the law of 1884 allowed larger projecting elements on façades: bow windows and corner domes. The Art Nouveau style thrived in the wealthy districts of Paris with a new flowering ornamental sculpture. Far from the monotonous Haussmann style, Guimard made use of pierre de taille, red, grey and glazed bricks, millstones, cast iron, molten copper, wood and polychrome stained glass.

Guimard’s use of cast iron aroused astonishment as the material was then exclusively used in stations and factories.

Consequently, Castel Béranger was nicknamed “Castel dérangé” (crazy Castel) by his detractors.


A closer look at the residence

Many elements of the building refer to the Gothic style such as the overhanging turrets on the corners and the name ‘castel’ (castle) instead of ‘hotel’ (townhouse).

Have a closer look at the balconies. The ornamental ironwork displays fantastic shapes typical of the Art Nouveau style. 

Moreover, the awkward Castel Béranger was also known as the ‘house of devils’.

Indeed, the balconies bear devils and masks. Legend has it that they caused the old ladies of the neighbourhood to make the sign of the cross when they passed by. 

The Art Nouveau façade on rue de la Fontaine © French Moments

The façade on rue de la Fontaine © French Moments

The graceful wrought-iron gateway is flanked by two columns. The architect was very pleased with its design. The door was kept secret and put into place until the very last moment!

Castel Béranger

The gateway © French Moments

Have a peek through the railings at the richly decorated entrance hallway. It is decorated with glazed sandstone in tones of green. They blend perfectly with the floral motifs.

Castel Béranger

The entrance hall © French Moments

The Castel Béranger was listed as a historical monument in 1972.

Our advice: the best time of the year to admire the building is to come on a clear day in Winter. Trees won’t hide part of the façade.


More photos of the Art Nouveau building

Here is a selection of photos I took on my last visit to Castel Béranger:

Castel Béranger

Bow window © French Moments

Castel Béranger

sea horse © French Moments

Castel Béranger

The façade © French Moments

Castel Béranger

Bow window © French Moments

Castel Béranger

Bow window © French Moments

Castel Béranger

The corner of the façade © French Moments

Castel Béranger

Bow window © French Moments

Castel Béranger

On the façade © French Moments

The Art Nouveau façade on rue de la Fontaine © French Moments

The Art Nouveau façade on rue de la Fontaine © French Moments

The Art Nouveau façade on rue de la Fontaine © French Moments

The façade on rue de la Fontaine © French Moments


Art Nouveau by Guimard and Co.

There are other Art Nouveau buildings in the area.

These include the Hôtel Mezzara at 60 Rue de la Fontaine, and seven other buildings in Rue de la Fontaine, Rue Gros and Rue Agar.

There is much other work of Guimard found in Paris. Two of them are the métro entrances of the Porte Dauphine station and Place des Abbesses.

Abbesses métro station © French Moments

The Abbesses métro station entrance © French Momnts

If you are interested in the Art Nouveau style, check out our article about Art Nouveau in Nancy.


How to get there to the Castel Béranger?

  • Castel Béranger is located at 14 rue de la Fontaine in the 16th arrondissement. Click on this link to open a google map => Castel Béranger, Paris.
  • The closest station is Avenue du Président Kennedy-Maison de Radio-France (RER C).
  • You will have to walk from the métro stations Ranelagh (line 9), Église d’Auteuil (line 10 to the direction of Boulogne-Pont de Saint-Cloud) or Mirabeau (line 10 to the direction of Gare d’Austerlitz).

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About Author

Pierre is a French/Australian who is passionate about France and its culture. He grew up in France and Germany and has also lived in Australia and England. He has a background teaching French, Economics and Current Affairs, and holds a Master of Translating and Interpreting English-French with the degree of Master of International Relations, and a degree of Economics and Management. Pierre is the author of the Discovery Course on the Secrets of the Eiffel Tower and the Christmas book "Voyage au Pays de Noël".

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