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Last Updated: 14 March 2024

If you are looking for a postcard image of Provence, that of authentic Provençal atmosphere, then look no further than the Alpilles mountain range! The region boasts some of Provence’s most famous tourist sites, such as the fantastic Roman ruins of Glanum, the medieval village of Les Baux-de-Provence, the stylish and refined little town of Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, surrounded by a colourful and sun-kissed landscape of cypress trees, olive groves and sunflowers.

Watch our short video presentation of the Alpilles:




What is the Alpilles mountain range?

The Alpilles are a small, craggy, rocky mountain range in Provence that stretches from the Rhône River to the Durance River, 20km South of Avignon.

Alpilles Map by French Moments

The peaks of this extension of the Luberon mountain range are predominately made up of bare limestone rock and scrub.

The lower slopes boast cultivated land, rich in olive groves and vines and, on the foothills, pine, almond and Kermes oak trees.

Alpilles © French Moments
Strange rock formation in the Alpilles near Les Baux © French Moments

The Alpilles are not a high mountain range; the highest point reaches an altitude of only 498 metres at Les Opies.

Alpilles © French Moments
Les Opiès (alt. 493 m), culminating point of the Alpilles © French Moments

In fact, its seemingly mountainous appearance is more a result of its position, towering over the rest of the verdant but extremely flat Crau plain.

In reality, the range’s dimensions are pretty small:

  • 25 km long and
  • between 8 and 10 kilometres wide.

The chain runs east-west between the Rhône and the Durance rivers.

Alpilles © French Moments
Driving in the Alpilles near Les Baux © French Moments

The highest points of the range are listed as a nature reserve where several rare species live. Some birds were introduced in the 1980s, including Bonelli’s eagles, Egyptian vultures and eagle owls.

Eygalières and the Alpilles © French Moments
The region of Eygalières and the Alpilles © French Moments

The Alpilles are also the home of various celebrated artists: French authors Frédéric Mistral and Alphonse Daudet. Painter Van Gogh contributed to the fame of the Alpilles through his paintings depicting the mountain.


Where to stay in the Alpilles?

There is a great diversity of accommodation in the Alpilles, from luxurious hotels to guest houses. Click on this link from Booking.com for a comprehensive list.

Or zoom out this map to explore all accommodation in the Alpilles region:



Towns and Villages in the Alpilles

Les Baux-de-Provence © French Moments
The village of Les Baux-de-Provence © French Moments

Several typical Provencal villages encircle the foothills of the Alpilles range: Maussane, Mouries, Fontvieille, Eygalières, Le Paradou, and Maillane (Mistral’s village).

With little stone houses clustered together around the Romanesque church, quaint fountains here and there, and open squares shaded by trees and bordered by charming cafés, the postcard-like scenery of the Provençal village is a delight to the visitor’s eye.

Seasonal traditional festivals bring intense activity to the little towns and villages, much to the joy – or disappointment – of the tourist!

One of the most spectacular events is the Transhumance in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence.

In addition, the Christmas season is another opportunity for joyous traditions, including the ‘big supper’ (which involves 13 desserts!) and the “pastrage” ceremony, for which sheep and shepherds are invited to church.

Other isolated farmhouses (les Mas) can be found outside the villages, along with old quarries, aqueducts, abbeys and ruined castles, revealing thousands of years of human occupation.


Enjoy Panoramic Vistas!

Plain of Crau © French Moments
The view from Les Baux towards the Plain of Crau © French Moments

While driving or hiking in the Alpilles, you will most certainly see many remarkable panoramic views. Two worth mentioning are the panoramas from a summit near Les Baux-de-Provence and from La Caume.


The panoramic view near Les Baux-de-Provence

The former is located between Saint-Rémy-de-Provence and Les Baux-de-Provence, along the D27 road.

A little road to the left leads you to the summit. There, an orientation board will help you locate and identify the region’s landmarks: the Camargue, the city of Arles, the Crau plain, the Luberon, Mount Ventoux, the Cévennes and the Rhône Valley.

Alpilles © French Moments
The view from the orientation table looking towards Avignon © French Moments

The exceptional view over the village of Les Baux helps us truly understand the site’s uniqueness.


The view from La Caume

The second panoramic view is that of La Caume. At 387 metres high, it is easily spotted by the television relay station.

The view stretches over the Alpilles range, the Crau plain, the Camargue and, to the north, the Rhône valley, the Durance valley and Mount Ventoux.

However, be advised that the summit might be closed to the public during July and August to prevent bushfires.


A few words about bushfire prevention

Alpilles © French Moments
The Alpilles © French Moments

From 1st July to 9th September, access to the woods of the Alpilles is forbidden to reduce the risk of bushfires. The same conditions apply at any time of the year when the Mistral wind is blowing at over 40km/h.


Les Baux-de-Provence: a touristic hotspot!

Les Baux-de-Provence © French Moments
The fortress of Les Baux-de-Provence © French Moments

Situated 15 km from Arles and 25 km from Avignon, the small village of Les Baux-de-Provence and the ruins of its medieval castle are the stars of the Alpilles. Set atop a rocky spur, it displays panoramic views over the Crau plain, the Camargue and the city of Arles.

Listed as one of the most beautiful villages of France, Les Baux-de-Provence attracts 1.5 million tourists a year, while it has a permanent population of only 400!

Many of the houses still make for fascinating ruins which evoke the conditions of medieval times when the village’s population was as many as 4,000.


The village of Fontvieille and its windmills

Windmill of Alphonse Daudet by Greudin, wikipedia commons

The little town of Fontvieille (3,500 inhabitants) lies to the southwest of the Alpilles range.


The Daudet Windmill

The village is famous for its windmills. Particularly one of them: the “Moulin d’Alphonse Daudet”. The mill is also known locally as the “Moulin Saint-Pierre”. Set on top of a hillock, the windmill dates back to 1814 and is associated with the memory of French (or, more specifically, Provençal) writer Alphonse Daudet (1840-1897).

Daudet Windmill - Stock Photos from ladderadder - Shutterstock
Daudet Windmill – Stock Photos from ladderadder – Shutterstock

This windmill was the last active one in the village, ceasing to operate altogether in 1915. Although it bears the name of Daudet, the writer never actually lived there, contrary to the legend. He did write about it in Letters from My Windmill (Lettres de mon moulin). This book is a collection of short stories written by Alphonse Daudet in Paris, published in 1869. Daudet used to enjoy strolling past the mill and was maybe even inspired by the miller…

A small museum next to Daudet’s mill is dedicated to the writer. From the windmill, the view is truly remarkable and stretches from the Alpilles to Beaucaire, Tarascon and the Rhone Valley.


Château Montauban

The castle of Montauban in Fontvieille - Stock Photos from Pack-Shot - Shutterstock
The castle of Montauban in Fontvieille – Stock Photos from Pack-Shot – Shutterstock

One kilometre away lies the château Montauban, where Daudet lived his last years. The 18th-century castle was the residence of the Ambroy family. The building now housed an exhibition on Fontvieille’s traditions. The ground floor is dedicated to Alphonse Daudet and illustrator Léo Lelée (1872-1947). There is also a room displaying a Provençal nativity (crèche provençale).


Eygalières and the St. Sixte chapel

Eygalières and the Alpilles © French Moments
Eygalières and the Alpilles © French Moments

Located on the eastern side of the Alpilles and surrounded by olive groves and vineyards is Eygalières. The typical Provençal village is perched on a small hill. It features winding, colourful, narrow streets leading up to the ruined castle’s keep.

The Romans called it “Aquileria”, as they used its spring to supply the town of Arles.

One of the most beautiful villages in France, it owes its appeal to a combination of a very casual lifestyle, good restaurants, food and wines. It is no surprise that many French celebrities have bought holiday homes here!

Eygalières and the Alpilles © French Moments
The village of Eygalières © French Moments

Walking towards the summit of the hill will take you up to the church, the ruins of the castle and the esplanade of the old gatehouse. The view from the top of the village, over the Durance Valley and the Caume mountains, is breathtaking.


The Saint Sixte Chapel

The St. Sixte chapel in Eygalières © French Moments
The St. Sixte chapel in Eygalières © French Moments

Just outside the village of Eygalières sits the Romanesque Saint-Sixte chapel, which has been listed as a historic monument by the French government since 1971. The chapel dates back to the 12th century and stands isolated on top of a rocky mount. The sanctuary is supported by massive buttresses and topped by a bell tower wall.

The St. Sixte chapel in Eygalières © French Moments
View from the St. Sixte chapel in Eygalières © French Moments
The St. Sixte chapel in Eygalières © French Moments
The St. Sixte chapel in Eygalières © French Moments
The St. Sixte chapel in Eygalières © French Moments
The St. Sixte chapel in Eygalières © French Moments

The chapel is dedicated to the martyred Pope Saint Sixte, who was believed to have died in the 3rd century. A procession is organised each year on the Tuesday following Easter, during which Guardians from Camargue, riding white horses, and men and women dressed in Arles-style costumes carry an effigy of the Pope to the chapel Saint Sixte.

Surrounded by beautiful cypresses, the simplistic chapel is typically Provençal and is undoubtedly a sight to be enjoyed by all, particularly photographers.


The charming town of Saint-Rémy-de-Provence

Saint-Rémy-de-Provence © French Moments
General view of Saint-Rémy-de-Provence and the St. Martin collegiate © French Moments

On the northern side of the Alpilles lies the delightfully compacted little town of Saint-Rémy-de-Provence.

This Provençal place is surrounded by lush green fields which are bordered by sturdy cypresses and poplars.

In town, busy and shaded boulevards enclose the old quarter of Saint-Rémy, which is about half a kilometre in diameter.

The streets of Saint-Rémy’s old town are lined with medieval restored houses and lead you to quiet little squares shaded by remarkable plane trees. Old fountains at the crossroad of two alleyways cobbled narrow streets lined with old buildings, boutiques, and Provençal-style restaurants will undoubtedly charm you.

Les Antiques in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence © French Moments
Les Antiques in Saint-Rémy-de-P. © French Moments
Saint-Rémy-de-Provence © French Moments
Porte Saint-Paul, Saint-Rémy-de-Provence © French Moments
Saint-Rémy-de-Provence © French Moments
The boulevard encircling the old town © French Moments
Saint-Rémy-de-Provence © French Moments
Corner rue Carnot and rue Nostradamus, Old town of Saint-Rémy © French Moments
Old town of Saint-Rémy-de-Provence © French Moments
Old town of Saint-Rémy © French Moments
Saint-Rémy-de-Provence © French Moments
In the old town of Saint-Rémy-de-P. © French Moments
St. Martin Collegiate church, Saint-Rémy-de-Provence © French Moments
St. Martin Collegiate church, Saint-Rémy-de-P. © French Moments
Saint-Rémy-de-Provence © French Moments
The crenellated round tower, place Favier © French Moments

Read more about Saint-Rémy-de-Provence.


How to get to the Alpilles

D99 road leading to Saint-Rémy-de-Provence © French Moments
The D99 road leading to Saint-Rémy-de-Provence © French Moments

By car

The Alpilles are easily accessible by car from Provence’s main cities, Marseille, Arles, and Avignon, as well as from the cities of Nîmes and Montpellier through an excellent network of motorways, the French “autoroutes”.


By air

If you travel from Australia or America, you could take a flight to Paris Charles de Gaulle and travel by TGV from the airport station straight to Avignon or Aix-en-Provence and rent a car from there.


By train

The TGV from Paris-Gare de Lyon takes less than 3 hours to the TGV stations of Avignon and Aix-en-Provence. There are no train stations in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence or Les Baux-de-Provence. You’ll have to take a coach from Avignon or Arles to reach the region.


More info about the Alpilles!


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Discover the Alpilles mountain range in Provence © French Moments

Discover the Alpilles mountain range in Provence © French Moments

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About the author

Pierre is a French/Australian who is passionate about France and its culture. He grew up in France and Germany and has also lived in Australia and England. He has a background teaching French, Economics and Current Affairs, and holds a Master of Translating and Interpreting English-French with the degree of Master of International Relations, and a degree of Economics and Management. Pierre is the author of Discovery Courses and books about France.

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  1. Thank you Pierre!
    My husband and I have been to Les Baux and the surrounding areas back in 2018. We just loved it so much. We also visited Carrieres du Lumieres below Les Baux. It was amazing. We did not have a lot of time to explore this region due to time constraints but we picked the best that would fit in our time available. We cannot wait to return someday and explore the region fully. Thankyou for the blog, this has helped us to plan for our next trip which hopefully will be in 2023. We are located in Australia so a trip to the other side of the world needs careful planning as I am sure you can appreciate being a seasoned traveller yourself. We appreciate the work you put in to your blogs and enjoy sharing the passion and excitement that is reflected in your writing.
    Have a wonderful day

    1. Thank you very much Tracey for your comment, really appreciate it! I hope you’ll be back to discover more in the region in 2023. Happy planning 🙂 Pierre

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